ADAIKKALAM

Psychological Research Foundation of India started a rehabilitation center at the name of "ADAIKKALAM" offers day care and full time residential care home which render services for those who has affected by "DEMENTIA" or "ALZHEIMER DISEASE" and other psychological disorders like mental disorders, emotional problems, anxiety disorders, stress, depression, mania, bipolar, phobia, substance abuse and other personality related problems.

It offers services for both male and female. The treatment is given at this center on the basis of only Psychological Therapeutic Techniques (PTT).

Dementia

The following training provides to residential and day care clients:

Attention improving activities

Brain training

Life and social skill training

Inner personality development training

Vocational training (computer operating, data typing, candle making, product packing etc.,)

Mind busting games (Puzzles, chess, Suduku etc.,)

Dementia is a disorder characterized by problems with memory and at least one other cognitive function (learning, reasoning, language, spatial ability and orientation, and handling complex tasks) that are severe enough to interfere with activities of daily living.

Stages of dementia

Although there are no official categories, for the purpose of this guideline, we are defining dementia in four stages.

Early stage

There are clear symptoms in several areas:

Forgetfulness of recent events.

Impaired ability to perform challenging mental arithmetic—for example, counting backward from 100 by 7s.

Greater difficulty performing complex tasks, such as planning dinner for guests, paying bills, or managing finances.

Forgetfulness about one's own personal history.

Becoming moody or withdrawn, especially in socially or mentally challenging situations.

Mid stage

Gaps in memory and thinking are noticeable, and individuals begin to need help with day-to-day activities. At this stage, those with dementia may:

Be unable to recall their own address or phone number, or the high school or college from which they graduated.

Become confused about where they are or what day it is.

Have trouble with less challenging mental arithmetic—for example, counting backward from 40 by subtracting 4s or from 20 by subtracting 2s.

Need help choosing proper clothing for the season or the occasion.

Still remember significant details about themselves and their family.

Still require no assistance with eating or using the toilet.

Late stage

Memory continues to worsen, personality changes may take place, and individuals need extensive help with daily activities. At this stage, individuals may: Lose awareness of recent experiences as well as of their surroundings.

Remember their own name but have difficulty with their personal history.

Distinguish familiar and unfamiliar faces but have trouble remembering the name of a spouse or caregiver.

Need help dressing properly and may, without supervision, make mistakes such as putting pajamas over daytime clothes or shoes on the wrong feet.

Experience major changes in sleep patterns—for example, sleeping during the day and becoming restless at night.

Need help handling details of toileting—for example, wiping, disposing of tissue properly, and flushing the toilet.

Have increasingly frequent trouble controlling their bladder or bowels.

Experience major personality and behavioral changes, including suspiciousness and delusions (such as believing that their caregiver is an impostor), and compulsive, repetitive behavior (such as hand-wringing or tissue shredding).

Tend to wander or become lost.

End stage

In the final stage of the disease, individuals may:

Be able to say words or phrases but may need help with much of their daily personal care, including eating and using the toilet.

Lose the ability to respond to their environment or to carry on a conversation.

Lose the ability to smile, to sit without support, and to hold up their heads.

Lose the ability, eventually, to control movement:

Reflexes become abnormal.

Muscles grow rigid.

Swallowing is impaired.

Types of dementia

Dementia with Alzheimer's disease

Vascular dementia

Korsakoff's syndrome

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Huntington's disease

Niemann-Pick disease type C

Parkinson's disease

Progressive supranuclear palsy

Dementia with Lewy bodies

Frontotemporal dementia

Corticobasal degeneration

HIV-related cognitive impairment

Multiple sclerosis

Normal pressure hydrocephalus

Posterior cortical atrophy

THE DEMENTIA SCREENING ASSESSMENTS ARE DONE AT FREE OF COST FOR OLDER PEOPLE